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Trivia Quiz - Roman Emperors: Senator Level
Legacies of the emperors and the Empire itself. If you know all these, then you deserve a "stella aurata"!
January 02, 2010
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1. In the Res Gestae, Augustus' shameless self-promoting autobiography, what did he claim to have done for Rome?
A. Found it brick, and left it marble
B. Paved the streets with gold
C. Created an empire that would last a thousand years
D. Put a chicken in every pot
2. According to Suetonius, what was the lament of Nero as he was committing suicide to avoid capture and execution?
A. “I never wanted to be emperor!”
B. “I am so misunderstood!”
C. “Now what will become of Rome?”
D. “What an artist the world is losing in me!”
3. The emperor Trajan (r. 98-117 C.E.) left the Empire in what condition?
A. Bankrupt and reeling from military defeats
B. Larger in territory, but in severe financial straits
C. Larger in territory, sound financially, and himself very popular
D. Strong militarily and financially, but himself despised as a tyrant
4. Cassius Dio writes that for all the good the emperor Marcus Aurelius (r. 161-180 C.E.) did, he made one terrible mistake that marred his legacy. What was it?
A. He executed a senator
B. He lost an entire province to the Parthians
C. He made his son his successor
D. He was too careless with state finances
5. On his deathbed in 211 C.E., after 18 years as emperor, what words of wisdom did Septimius Severus leave his sons Geta and Caracalla regarding ruling the Empire?
A. Respect the Senate and don’t let the army get too powerful
B. Get along, enrich the soldiers and don’t trouble about the rest
C. Keep your friends close and your enemies closer
D. Do one good deed every day
6. The emperor Diocletian (r. 284-305 C.E.) divided the empire into Western and Eastern halves, each with its own co-emperor. What happened to that system after he abdicated and retired?
A. It survived intact until the end of the Western Empire in 476 C.E.
B. Diocletian had to “un-retire” and set things in order again
C. It was used off-and-on, with occasional single emperors
D. It collapsed completely and was never attempted again
7. What act by Constantine (r. 306-337 C.E.) contributed to part of the Roman Empire surviving for over an additional thousand years?
A. Defeated the Persians once and for all
B. Built a new capital city in the eastern part of the Empire
C. Rewrote the Roman legal code
D. Recognized the pope as Roman high priest, allowing Christianity to hold the Empire together socially
8. When the Western part of the empire fell to the German chieftain Odoacer in 476 C.E., what was the effect on the city of Rome?
A. The first recorded Oktoberfest was held
B. A Roman army from Constantinople recaptured Rome a year later
C. The Germans massacred the Roman populace
D. Things continued pretty much the same as before
9. The historian Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) described what period of the Roman Empire as when “the condition of the human race was most happy and prosperous”?
A. The reign of Augustus
B. The reign of the Flavians (Vespasian, Titus, Domitian)
C. The reigns of Nerva through Marcus Aurelius
D. None – he considered his own time the most happy
10. Even after the fall of Rome, being a “Roman emperor” remained so appealing that what other famous leader accepted the title?
C. Pope Gregory I
D. King Henry VIII
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