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Trivia Quiz - The Age of Enlightenment


The 18th century intellectual movement known as 'the enlightenment' revolutionized scientific, philosophical and economic theory in Europe and North America. Each question below will present information on ten leading lights of this halcyon age of reason.

Quiz Number: 5892
Date Submitted: January 01, 2021
Quiz Categories: History
Quiz Type: General Quiz
Author: grant228
Average Score: 100 percent
Times Taken: 1 times
Taken by Registered Users: 1

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The Age of Enlightenment
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1. I was an American scientist, writer, administrator and politician whose legacy has been profound. (1705-1790)
  A.   Charles Rittenhouse
  B.   Benjamin Rush
  C.   Charles Peale
  D.   Benjamin Franklin

2. My influence on philosophical thought was felt around Europe. I was a passionate campaigner for religious toleration in addition to my advocacy of freedom of speech and separation of church and state. (1712-1778)
  A.   Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  B.   Voltaire
  C.   David Hume
  D.   Edmund Burke

3. I was central to the chemical revolution, postulating theories that saw me labelled "the father of modern chemistry". The role of oxygen and hydrogen were discoveries of mine. (1743-1794)
  A.   Antoine Lavoisier
  B.   Luigi Galvani
  C.   Joseph Priestley
  D.   Carolus Linnaeus

4. I was an influential European philosopher who believed that reason is also the source of morality. I wrote 'The Critique of Pure Reason'. (1724-1804)
  A.   Rene Descartes
  B.   Francis Bacon
  C.   Baruch Spinoza
  D.   Immanuel Kant

5. I was a European economist who wrote two classic works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. (1723-1790)
  A.   Thomas Malthus
  B.   Adam Smith
  C.   Bernard Mandeville
  D.   Nicholas Canard

6. I was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie. (1713 - 1784)
  A.   Jean-François Regnard
  B.   Alain-Rene Lesage
  C.   Denis Diderot
  D.   Jacques Delille

7. I made significant contributions in various fields of mathematics including number theory, topology, combinatorics, graph theory, algebra, and geometry, along with contributions to mechanics, hydraulics, acoustics, optics, and astronomy. (1707-1783)
  A.   Carl Friedrich Gauss
  B.   Charles Babbage
  C.   Pierre-Simon Laplace
  D.   Leonhard Euler

8. I authored Common Sense and The American Crisis, which were used as a call to arms by American Revolutionaries to declare independence from Great Britain. (1737 - 1809)
  A.   Thomas Paine
  B.   Paul Revere
  C.   Benjamin Franklin
  D.   Thomas Jefferson

9. I was a Russian polymath whose interests were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology and optical devices. I discovered the atmosphere of Venus and the law of conservation of mass in chemical reactions. (1711 - 1765)
  A.   Alexander Borodin
  B.   Karl Ernst von Baer
  C.   Mikhail Lomonosov
  D.   Ivan Yefremov

10. I was a Prussian polymath, geographer, naturalist, explorer who proposed South America and Africa had once been joined. I also laid the foundation for modern geomagnetic and meteorological monitoring. (1769 - 1859)
  A.   Pierre-Paul Saunier
  B.   Geradus Mercator
  C.   Juan Hernandez
  D.   Alexander von Humboldt


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